Industrial Fiber Optics, Inc.

<p>The inaugural meeting of TC RRS has been scheduled for March 19–20, 2008 at ETSI Headquarters, Sophia Antipolis in France.</p>

P25 tests will include C4FM modulation fidelity, frequency error, power and deviation measurements. The 3500 will also generate both the 1011 and 0.153 bit pattern for performing digital receiver sensitivity tests.

The company declined to comment. ''Our policy is that we do not comment on market rumor or speculation,'' said Sean Smith, senior vice president and chief financial officer of mask maker Photronics, in an e-mail.

But if Photronics is sold to a foreign party, the U.S. could find itself without a merchant photomask maker. It also could have some implications for Micron Technology Inc., which has a joint photomask venture with Photronics.

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It also leaves chip makers with fewer choices in the photomask market. At present, the business is currently dominated by one U.S. company in Photronics and two in Japan, namely Toppan Photomasks Inc. and Dai Nippon Printing Co. Ltd (DNP).

There are some niche merchant players as well, such as Hoya, Taiwan Mask, among others. And, of course, several chip makers have their own mask shops, including IBM, Intel, Micron, Samsung, SMIC, TSMC and others.

Over the years, there has been a massive shakeout in the photomask arena. During the golden years of the photomask business, there were a total of 122 mask-making plants worldwide in 1991, according to Grenon Consulting Inc.

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Today, there are 68 mask-making plants in the world, according to the firm. The number includes both captive and merchant shops.

Overall, the mask business, which reflects the general mood of the semiconductor industry, is off to a slow start in 2008. Another troubling trend for mask makers and others is an apparent slowdown in the two-year process technology cycle.

how does an integrated circuit work

For some, though, the trend is a blessing in disguise. But with the exception of Intel Corp. and a few others, the 65-nm device ramp has been slower than expected and a year late in terms of the projected volumes, due in part to high design costs, according to analysts.

And what's more, design costs and other factors have definitely slowed” the adoption rates for the 45-nm ramp, said David Lee, vice president of worldwide sales and marketing for Rave LCC, a supplier of mask repair tools.

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FORT MYERS, FL — Crystek's CVCO55CL-0902-0928 VCO operates from 902 MHz to 928 MHz with a control voltage range of 0.5 V to 4.5 V. This VCO features a typical phase noise of -115 dBc/Hz at 10 kHz offset and offers excellent linearity.

Packaged in the industry standard 0.5- x 0.5-inch (1.27 x 1.27 mm) SMD package, the VCO has an input voltage of 5.0 V, with a maximum current consumption of 20 mA. Pulling and Pushing are minimized to 2.00 MHz and 0.80 MHz/V, respectively. Second harmonic suppression is typically -15 dBc.

Typical applications include digital radio equipment, fixed wireless access, satellite communications systems, and base stations.


Sunnyvale, Calif.—Maxim Integrated Products has introduced the MAX3541 single-conversion, hybrid (analog and digital) television tuner.

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