ON Shore Technology

<p>The technology, covered by several U.S. and overseas patents, is licensed from TouchSensor Technologies LLC., Wheaton, Ill. The device uses 4- to 10uA in standby from a 5V supply, or 16uA when triggered. Typical response time is 160microseconds.</p>

Succédant à Peter Pribilla, Jürgen Radomski (61 ans) occupera, à compter du 1er août 2003, la fonction de directeur des ressources humaines. Johannes Feldmayer (46 ans) siégera, quant à lui, au Comité Exécutif du groupe, à compter du 1er août 2003.

Secret weapon

Brachman's secret weapon will not be self-endorsed evaluation metrics designed to counter critics, however, but a new generation of mini AI” applications he hopes will prove so compelling that even the critics would want to use them.

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Suppose you could build a system that could absorb all of your to-do-list notes, say by scribbling on a PDA. But instead of just sitting there, the notes would be automatically integrated into a knowledge base that had a representation of the kinds of things that we do in the office every day, such as have meetings and travel and write proposals and read documents and send e-mail. A knowledge base could relate our separate to-do-list entries, even if they had no words in common,” said Brachman.

Such a personal knowledge pad” is one of a planned series of CIPT silver bullets” that Darpa hopes will shoot down its critics. By year's end, Brachman promises two more narrow callings for cognitive-computing mini-AI apps.

The PAL is an order of magnitude more complex than the knowledge pad, since the PAL attempts to fuse separate modalities, including as voice mail, e-mail and writing, on a PDA. The other mini-AI apps yet to come will likely be even more narrowly focused than the knowledge pad, managing e-mail only, for example.

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According to Brachman, commercially available software to-do lists don't even come close” to what he has in mind for the knowledge pad, because they simply don't understand anything about the task.” Brachman calls this domain knowledge. He cited an example application that would associate a to-do-list note saying Flight 2077 to San Jose on Aug. 2” with a separate entry saying Call United”; much as a a human secretary would do, the knowledge pad would infer, from its domain knowledge, that both notes refer to the same flight.

Thus the knowledge pad would not just be a passive relational database but would initiate secretarial actions on its own to fulfill the imperatives that its knowledge base infers from associating its entries-such as reminding its user that a call needs to be made to confirm the time of a pending flight.

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You can start to realize how [the mini-AI app] could prioritize items and discover how to know when they are redundant, how to know when they are outdated and can be thrown away, how to know when to ask the user whether they have forgotten an item or simply failed to report its completion,” said Brachman.

NASA is betting that the knowledge pad, by automating solutions to everyday problems, will prove attractive to PDA makers. If the concept mutates, as the Internet did, to become as ubiquitous as the Web, today's AI critics could find themselves hooked on the mini-AI apps.

FRANKFURT / MAIN &#151 Flachdisplays sind kaum aufzuhalten. Bis 2009 soll sich der Markt auf weltweit 99 Milliarden Dollar verdreifachen, sagt eine Marktstudie. Doch es gibt noch eine Reihe technischer Hürden zu überwinden.

Das Marktforschungsinstitut Frost & Sullivan hat den Markt für Flat Panel Displays unter die Lupe genommen. Danach können sich die Anbieter auf ein halbwegs konstantes Wachstum im zweistelligen Prozentbereich einstellen. Vor allem die Jahre 2005 und 2008 werden gut sein und jeweils mehr als 20 Prozent Wachstum bringen, behaupten die Marktforscher. Aber dieses Wachstum bedeutet nicht unbedingt sichere Gewinne, denn der zunehmende Wettbewerb wird auf die Preise drücken.

Die größte technische Herausforderung für die Hersteller sieht Analyst Raman Monga aktuell darin, die Auflösung zu erhöhen, ohne bei der Helligkeit Abstriche zu machen. Das erfordere einen hohen Forschungsaufwand und damit Zeit und Geld, so der Marktforscher.

Trotz einiger Handicaps wie einem eingeschränkten Betrachtungswinkel und einem trägen Reaktionsverhalten dominiert zurzeit die Aktivmatrixtechnik (auch als TFT- oder Dünnfilmtransistor-Technik bezeichnet) den Markt. Bei deren Fertigung, die mittlerweile einen hohen Reifegrad erreicht hat, stehen Effizienzsteigerung und Kostensenkungen im Vordergrund. Um die Produktivität der Fertigung zu steigern, seien hohe Investitionen erforderlich. Die schlechte Wirtschaftslage erleichtert die Kapitalbeschaffung nicht eben. Monga rät den Herstellern daher , vor einer solchen riskanten Investition die Renatbilität genau zu prüfen.

Eine technisch überlegene, aber zurzeit noch sehr teure Alternative sieht die Studie in OLED-Displays (Organische LEDs). Wegen des hohen Preises stehen bei den Herstellern die Kosten für eine Großserienfertigung sowie Fragen der verwendeten Materialien im Mittelpunkt der Diskussion.

The foundry said wafer shipments should increase by several percent in the third quarter, and ASPs should hold firm with potential to improve.” The company said revenues from advanced processes (0.18-micron to 0.13-micron) will account for about two-thirds of third quarter revenues.

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