<p>John Bertucci, chairman and CEO of MKS Instruments, said the creation of these business units was a reflection of the industry's growth in the pressure and flow areas. As the semiconductor industry continues to show renewed vigor, MKS has demonstrated a sustained ability to attract top quality management, specifically from within the semiconductor industry.”</p>

The batteries would be marketed by the Samsung Display Interface operation. Samsung would be the first Korean supplier to participate in the lithium polymer business, where Japanese companies have taken the lead in developing the thin, flexible batteries.

However, when it is very close to an opposing plate, instead of humping up in the middle — like liquids do when not facing an opposing plate — it does so in a fine pattern of submicron-sized pillars,” Chou continued. 'We discovered the effect totally accidentally, when we were trying to stamp out nanostructures with my imprinting technique.”

Imprinting, which Chou also invented, stamps out tiny nanomachine parts from partially cooled liquid polymers with a template. Tiny machine parts, with features as small as six nanometers — only a few dozen atoms wide – have been successfully stamped out with Chou's nanoimprinting technique. The only other way to create such small machine parts is with X-ray lithography, a much more complex process.

RNC55H1960BRRE865_Vishay Dale_Through Hole Resistors

Chou recently convinced IBM to create experimental nanocompact disks, called nano-CDs, and 'quantized” magnetic disks with his imprinting process.

Quantized magnetic disks, the other application of imprinting under development by IBM, can pack the theoretical maximum capacity on a magnetic disk. Normal magnetic disks can't pack their maximum information capacity, because adjacent magnetic particles can demagnetize each other. However, the quantized magnetic disk uses nanoimprinting to impose a fine pattern on the previously flat magnetic material, which then locks in place the fields of magnetic dipoles. In this way, each magnetic dipole is free to orient itself up or down regardless of how many oppositely oriented dipoles are nearby. Quantized magnetic disks can thereby pack their maximum capacity, where each magnetic bit requires only a single dipole consisting of just two oppositely charged molecules.

Chou discovered Lisa while he was stamping out nanoparts with that imprinting technique. A few pieces of dust prevented one of his templates from touching the liquid polymer from which it was supposed to stamp out a nanosized part. The result was a fine pattern of pillars, even though the template had never touched the liquid polymer.

RNC55H1960BRRE865_Vishay Dale_Through Hole Resistors

We were trying to create a fine pattern with copolymers — two oppositely charged molecules that when chained together form a dipole — but the experiment failed because dust got under the template. However, when inspecting our sample we discovered that it had self-assembled these little pillars,” Chou said.

Subsequent experiments have determined that the pillars are always round, but their diameter and tallness depends on molecular weight and resulting surface tension of the polymer. And although electrostatic attraction appears to be the force opposing that surface tension, connecting a ground wire between the liquid and the opposing plate — thereby equalizing their electrostatic charge — seems to have no effect on the pillar formation. We're not sure that the charge on the top plate is necessary,” said Chou. Or it might just be our timing.”

RNC55H1960BRRE865_Vishay Dale_Through Hole Resistors

Regardless of how the theory for Lisa finally pans out, Chou is forging ahead with applications. Currently he is experimenting with creating nanopixel” LEDs where each pixel consists of hundreds of nanopixels, any one of which can fail without affecting the overall display. He is also experimenting with doping the polymer, before Lisa, to modify the shape and size of the resulting pattern of pillars.

Nortel Networks Microelectronics Group has already planted its stake in the merchant-IC market. Next week, it will dig in deeper by unveiling a pair of WAN-access chips for use in E1/T1, SONET, and related applications.

Sockets are available either in a pressfit panel-mount configuration (the MEB 2.0-R) or in a threaded panel-mount configuration (the MLB 2.0-R).

The 2-mm pin and socket are essentially the same as other 2-mm products on the market, but the shroud has different diameters from other products,” said Patrick Strahm, a Multi-Contact USA applications engineer. Nothing else except a mated part can be connected; that was the main goal.”

Production quantities are available now for all parts except the pressfit socket, which is headed for production within weeks. Pricing starts at $2.32 each for the MLK 2.0-LS and at $2.50 each for the MLK 2.0-LS/SIL. Pricing starts at $2.10 each for the MLB 2.0-R and at $1.95 each for the MEB 2.0-R. Delivery is four weeks.

CALL (707) 575-7575EETInfo No. 624

FAIRVIEW, N.C. — CII Technologies Inc.'s Kilovac division has introduced the EV200, an electric vehicle battery disconnect relay rated to carry 200 amps continuously and to interrupt 2,000 A at 320 Vdc. Slated for release in accordance with AIAG QS9000 standards in March 2000, the hermetically sealed relay will operate in harsh environments, the company said.

Asked about competition with 157-nm scanners, Harriott said that Scalpel will overlap with 157-nm tools in the 100-nm generation.

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